Friday, April 27, 2012

USA : Texas Stadium

Texas Stadium was a football stadium located in Irving, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. The stadium opened on September 17, 1971.

Built to replace the aging Cotton Bowl, it served as the home field of the NFL's Dallas Cowboys from 1971 to 2008, and had a seating capacity of 65,675. The Cotton Bowl still stands as of November 2010, but Texas Stadium is now demolished.

In 2009, the stadium was replaced as home of the Cowboys by the $1.15 billion Cowboys Stadium, which completed construction and officially opened on May 27, 2009 in Arlington, Texas.

The stadium was demolished by a controlled implosion on April 11, 2010.

In the mid-1960s, then-Cowboys owner Clint Murchison, Jr. realized that the area surrounding the Cotton Bowl had become unsafe and downtrodden, and it was not a location he wanted his big dollar season ticket holders to be forced to go through.Murchison was denied a request by Dallas mayor Erik Jonsonn to build a new stadium in downtown Dallas as part of a civic-bond package. Murchison envisioned a new stadium with sky-boxes and one in which attendees would have to pay a personal seating license as a prerequisite to purchasing season tickets.With two games left for the Cowboys to play in the 1967 NFL season, Murchison and Cowboys general manager Tex Schramm announced a plan to build a new stadium in Irving, Texas.

Roof :
Texas Stadium was to have originally been a stadium with a retractable roof, but it could not support the weight of the entire roof. This resulted in most of the stands being enclosed but not the playing field itself. This unusual arrangement made it difficult to televise the games, a problem, generally speaking, foreseen by the original architect. This design — more commonly seen in European soccer stadiums — prompted Cowboys linebacker D. D. Lewis to make his now-famous quip "Texas Stadium has a hole in its roof so God can watch His favorite team play", often paraphrased as the "hole" in the stadium's roof was there "so that God can watch His team."

The roof at Texas Stadium, whose worn paint had become unsightly in the early 2000s, was repainted in the summer of 2006 by the City of Irving, which owned the stadium. It was the first time the famed roof was repainted since Texas Stadium opened. The roof was structurally independent from the stadium it covered.

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